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14 Medical Equipment Every Hospital Needs | 2024

» ProSalud

Hospitals must be prepared for anything that can come through the doors. That's why we bring a list of the 14 Medical Equipment Every Hospital Needs, as keeping key pieces of medical equipment on hand at all times is so crucial to providing complete care.

To provide comprehensive treatment to patients, hospitals must have a standard set of medical equipment in addition to regular personal protective equipment (PPE). This list of equipment can both improve productivity and ensure patient safety.

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We will cover the Medical Equipment that all Hospitals need. We start:

Hospital beds.

Hospital beds or stretchers are essential in the comfort and transportation of the patient through the medical center. Their use is present from the reception and first care of the patient and they are essential when it comes to emergencies. 

Most stretchers can be equipped with features such as IV stands, patient monitors or oxygen tanks and it is important to note that choosing a stretcher will depend on your use. 

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Hospital beds are typically used in:

  • Emergencies
  • Neonatal care.
  • Trauma.
  • Mortuary.
  • Ophthalmology.

Emergency stretchers are generally lighter, so they can be safely moved in and out of an ambulance. On the other hand, there are trauma stretchers that are larger and contain a hydraulic system. 

Since they guarantee rapid transportation of patients to the appropriate care unit, stretchers are one of the medical equipment that all hospitals need and although simple, whose importance cannot be underestimated, being par excellence part of the medical equipment that all hospitals need.


The main function of defibrillators is to restore the normal rhythm of the heart by sending an electric shock that stops different abnormalities such as cardiac arrhythmia or tachycardia.

They are part of the electronic equipment that hospitals must have to save lives and avoid cardiac arrests resulting from heart anomalies that can threaten the lives of patients.

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Depending on their location, there are three different types of defibrillators.

  • Automatic External Defibrillator (AED). It is used in the case of sudden cardiac arrest, so that anyone, trained or not, can use it.
  • Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD). Which is surgically implanted inside the body of a patient at high risk of dying from arrhythmia, similar to the use of a pacemaker, with the difference that the defibrillator can send high and low energy pulses according to needs. Contrary to the low energy pulse that the pacemaker manages.
  • Portable Cardioverter Defibrillator (WCD). It works similarly to the ICD, however, it is attached to the patient's skin, uses sensors connected by wires, and is worn under clothing.

A key advantage of defibrillators is that they can be used by anyone. But to control the heart rhythm of each patient, there must be enough defibrillators. Being an important part of the medical equipment that all hospitals need.

Anesthesia machines.

The function of anesthesia machines is to ensure and provide a precise and continuous supply of special medical gases (oxygen, nitrous oxide and isoflurane) to maintain an adequate level of anesthesia for a patient, since the quantities differ depending on the physiological characteristics of each patient.

Some anesthesia machines include additional tools such as ventilators, suction units, and patient monitoring devices. Some also include monitors, touch screens to track the patient's heart rate and oxygen saturation level.

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In the end, the main purpose of an anesthesia machine is to control a patient's level of consciousness in an operating procedure. To do this, it is necessary to invest in state-of-the-art devices that guarantee patient safety. 

Patient Monitors.

Patient monitors are medical equipment that all hospitals need as they are standard equipment that accurately tracks the condition and health status of a patient during and after a surgery. They are necessary for adult, pediatric and neonatal patients.

There are specific parameters that doctors should always monitor when observing a disease, including temperature, heart rate, blood oxygen levels, blood pressure, and oxygen saturation, among other factors.

Therefore, patient monitors help them by measuring the patient's temperature, heart rate, blood oxygen levels, blood pressure, and more. 

Now, a typical patient monitor has monitoring sensors, processing components, and a display. But there is also a portable version of patient monitors designed for use in remote areas to assist paramedics in field work. They are compact and energy efficient, designed to monitor and transmit data to healthcare personnel elsewhere.

In short, patient monitors are indispensable devices that provide healthcare providers with the necessary information about a patient's vital signs. This cannot be missing from this list of medical equipment that all hospitals need


Hospital sterilizers or autoclaves kill all forms of microbial life, including fungi, bacteria, viruses, spores, and all other entities present on surgical tools and other medical items. Sterilizers are vitally used to reduce patient deaths due to healthcare associated infections. If they are not used regularly, a person can be exposed to these organisms and suffer different complications.

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A sterilizer or autoclave sterilizes equipment and supplies using saturated steam at high pressure for a short period of time, although there are different types of sterilization.

These can have various sizes, depending on the needs and design of the room where the machine will be installed. Thus, their sizes can be fully customizable.

These days, it's clear that simple cleaning procedures can have lasting benefits. Therefore, sterilizers are necessary to prevent the spread of diseases and are essential to save lives. 

EKG/ECG machines.

The heart, being a vital organ, is constantly monitored to detect abnormalities in its rate or rhythm. This task involves ECG machines or the electrocardiograph (EKG), which captures and amplifies the electrical impulses of the muscle when the electrodes are placed on each of the patient's extremities and on their thoracic area.

Unlike defibrillators, electrocardiographs are only used to monitor the electrical activity of the heart for a set time. These attach to the patient's skin with electrodes and record electrical signals to detect heart problems. 

Additionally, a doctor may prescribe a patient two other types of EKG machines to use, depending on time needs: a Holter monitor (1 to 2 days) or an event monitor (weeks or months). Both are portable machines that the patient wears under their clothes. The only difference is how long they use it. 

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These are part of the medical equipment that all hospitals need as they are a quick and painless way for doctors to identify cardiac abnormalities. Additionally, they can be found in clinics, hospital rooms, operating rooms, and ambulances.

Surgical Tables.

Surgical tables are necessities for a hospital. For patient preparation, surgical procedures and recovery, these equipment are essential. These have a set of specific standards, where they can be equipped with different elements such as arms, pedals or remote controls to adjust the position of the patient in relation to the surgeon.

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If the hospital has these basic devices, it will have the capacity to attend to the different medical cases that arrive at the location. When choosing electronic medical devices that will be part of your health center, choose quality brands, advanced technologies, recent software, and ergonomic, intuitive and reliable ones.

Blankets and Liquid Warmers.

Body temperature that is not maintained during surgery can lead to postsurgical complications, such as perioperative hypothermia, prolonged hospitalization and recovery, and an increased risk of infection. That's why blanket warmers and liquid warmers are so essential for hospitals.

Electrosurgical Units.

Electrosurgical units (ESU) are essential in several procedures, since they are used to coagulate, cut or alter tissues, restrict blood flow, increase visibility during surgery, among others, thus facilitating the surgeon's work in medical interventions.

But the best thing about electrosurgical units is that they can be used for many different types of procedures, for example:

  • General
  • The plastic
  • Orthopedic
  • Dermatological
  • Gynecological 
  • Neuro 
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The first thing to note is that the electrosurgical equipment has a generator and a handpiece with several electrodes. The device is controlled with a switch on the handpiece or a foot switch. The ESU then produces a high-frequency electrical current to the surgical cut, which heats the tissue and causes clotting. 

In the end, ESUs are excellent machines that can be used for different operations with changing conditions, allowing surgeons to operate more efficiently. Thus, these devices are part of the medical equipment that all hospitals need.

Surgical Lights.

Surgical lights are a mandatory part of any surgical environment to help surgeons work in proper lighting conditions.

Also known as operating lights, they are primarily used in hospital operating rooms and outpatient surgery centers, but they can also be used to provide good, high-quality lighting in other locations such as emergency rooms, delivery rooms, and exam rooms. doctors.

A surgical light illuminates a patient's operative area for optimal visualization during a procedure. These types of lights can provide hours of bright light without overheating the patient or staff.

Artificial Respirators.

Fans are a type of medical equipment Durable designed to help patients with respiratory problems and are mainly used in hospitals. Respirators are classified as life-critical systems, so they must be highly reliable.

Simply put, ventilators allow breathable air to circulate in a patient's lungs. They receive oxygen and extract carbon dioxide, which passes through a breathing tube that connects the machine to the patient. The tube is inserted through the mouth or nose into the lungs. The doctor then monitors the rate and amount of air that enters the lungs. 

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In extreme cases, a breathing tube may be placed directly into the patient's windpipe through a small hole in the neck. 

Its function is to help a patient breathe, to do this, it has a system that moves air in and out of the lungs. They are usually used in the intensive care unit and emergency rooms. Which makes it top of our list of medical equipment that all hospitals need.

X-ray machines.

X-ray machines are also part of the medical equipment that all hospitals need since they are special for acquiring images that represent tissues and organs within the body. This through the help of electromagnetic radiation.

In medicine, X-ray machines are special equipment that uses images created with the help of electromagnetic radiation (X-rays) to diagnose a patient. 

Today, computer radiography has replaced film radiography. The reason is that it allows digital images to be obtained, which are faster and more efficient than the traditional method of storing x-ray images on film. 

In short, X-ray machines are a common way to monitor and detect many conditions, which is important for providing the correct treatment.


Ultrasound is another type of medical imaging technique used for accurate diagnosis. This technology is a test that makes it easier to identify internal anomalies, measure the density and structure of organs, and observe tissues and blood vessels. The use of this technique does not cause pain in the patient and does not generate radiation.

Its development is constantly updating and evolving. And its operation occurs through a transducer that emits waves and detects their echoes, producing electrical signals that the device interprets to generate images. With them, doctors can diagnose in a timely manner.

Its use is generally associated with ultrasounds during pregnancies. The reason is that ultrasound does not use radiation, unlike other medical imaging techniques. Therefore, it is perfectly safe for doctors to monitor pregnant women and developing fetuses with it. 

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Another thing that most people are not familiar with is that there are three types of ultrasound: 

  • Internal. Where the probe enters the body, which may cause slight discomfort.
  • External. The probe is moved over the patient's skin using a lubricating gel.
  • Endoscopic. The tube is connected to a long, flexible tube and is usually inserted through the mouth.

For this procedure, patients may take medications to reduce pain. Ultrasounds are a way to gather important information about a patient's condition. 

That way, medical professionals can detect problems quickly and accurately treat the patient. 

Oxygen Concentrators.

Air shipments are the most efficient if you need your cargo or documents to arrive quickly and securely. oxygen concentrators They are also part of the medical equipment that all hospitals need since they are a reliable and efficient source of oxygen supplement that operates electrically and separates the oxygen present in the ambient air, which allows for a constant supply of high-quality oxygen. purity when a patient presents respiratory complications.

The concentrator uses a filter that retains oxygen and expels the rest of the air, humidifies it and sends it to the patient depending on the requirements previously given by health personnel.

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Generally, these can deliver 5 liters of oxygen per minute resulting in therapeutic oxygen at a concentration of 93%.

It can be delivered through tubes or hoses about 2 meters long, however, the design and pressure of some oxygen concentrators allow a cannula of up to 15 meters to be used.

They are necessary for use in cases of hospitalization and oxygen therapy.

It may interest you Everything you need to know about oxygen concentrators and home oxygen therapy | 2022

Advantages of having medical equipment with the most advanced technology in a medical center

Technology and innovation

Medical equipment and its applications are constantly updated, which is why in specialties such as cardiology, radiology, surgery, gynecology, among others, you must have equipment with the latest advances in the health sector, which are up to date. level of global trends.

Innovative solutions are presented in the ability to capture 3D images for detailed and reliable information, X-ray systems, anatomical realism, digitization systems, ultrasound devices, electrosurgery equipment, among others, for greater efficiency in the care of health and truthfulness in diagnoses.


New devices, due to technological advances, provide better and more precise results that can help in diagnoses and treatments in different areas in a more effective way.

High quality standards

At the same time, medical equipment and devices must have high quality standards to meet the needs of patients. All of this contributes to better diagnoses and excellence in products and services.

Multiple functionalities

Many of the most modern medical equipment include greater and better functionalities, thus avoiding the use of more equipment or instruments to perform different procedures.

If you are thinking about purchasing medical equipment in Querétaro or the rest of the country, remember that:

At Prosalud you can purchase many of these medical equipment that all hospitals need that are specialized in health care. Contact us and find the devices that should not be missing to treat each patient optimally. Our list can be important when knowing which medical equipment all hospitals need.

If you are looking for where to buy the best medical equipment, from international brands that meet all quality and health standards, you can review our medical equipment catalog. At Prosalud we also have the ability to participate in tenders for medical equipment, hospital equipment and any other requirement of this type that may be required.

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