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What are x-ray machines and how do they work?

X-ray machines » ProSalud
X-rays are a form of high-energy electromagnetic radiation that has the ability to penetrate matter. They were discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen in 1895 and have since been widely used in various medical and industrial applications. That is why today we bring you: What are x-ray machines and how do they work?
X-ray machines » ProSalud

X-rays are composed of high-energy photons that have the ability to pass through soft tissues, but are absorbed to a greater extent by dense structures such as bones or metals. When an object is exposed to an x-ray beam, some of the radiation passes through the object and reaches a detector, while another part is absorbed. The detector records the number of x-rays that hit it and converts this information into an image.

In the medical field, X-rays are used to obtain images of the bones and soft tissues of the human body. Detection plates or electronic detectors are placed on the opposite side of the x-ray tube to capture radiation that has passed through the body. This information is processed to generate images that detect fractures, tumors, infections and other medical abnormalities.

It is important to note that X-rays are a form of ionizing radiation, meaning they can damage DNA and other cellular structures. For this reason, precautions are taken to minimize x-ray exposure and low doses considered safe for patients are used.

X-rays have several benefits in the medical industry due to their ability to provide internal images of the human body. Some of the most notable benefits are the following:

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  1. Diagnosis of diseases and injuries: X-rays allow detailed images of the bones and soft tissues of the body to be obtained, making it easier to diagnose bone fractures, infections, tumors, heart and lung diseases, among other conditions. These images help doctors identify health problems and make informed decisions about appropriate treatment.
  2. Surgical procedures: X-rays are used during surgical procedures to guide surgeons and ensure optimal precision. For example, in orthopedic surgery, real-time x-rays are used to guide the placement of implants or instruments in bones. They are also used in endovascular procedures to guide the insertion of catheters or stents into blood vessels.
  3. Treatment monitoring: X-ray images can be used to monitor the effectiveness of certain treatments, such as cancer therapy. Doctors can perform follow-up imaging to evaluate the tumor's response to treatment and adjust therapy accordingly.
  4. Minimally invasive procedures: X-rays are used in minimally invasive procedures, such as angiography and catheter placement, to guide instrumentation through blood vessels and other internal systems without the need for open surgery. This allows for a faster recovery, less pain, and lower risk of complications for the patient.
  5. Early detection of diseases: X-rays can help detect diseases in early stages, which can lead to more effective treatment. For example, screening x-rays can identify early signs of lung cancer or tuberculosis in the lungs.

Overall, X-rays play a vital role in the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of various diseases and injuries in the medical industry. They provide clear, detailed images that help doctors make accurate decisions and provide appropriate care to patients.

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Rich Jesus
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